All Rain Is Acid Rain

Author: Dr Tim Ball, Climatologist on 16 Aug 2014

My first involvement with the Acid Rain scare was indirect, but added to awareness of the limitations of data and understanding of atmospheric and ocean mechanisms. acid rain

It also heightened awareness of the political nature of environmental science. I knew the extents because of membership in the Canadian Committee on Climate Fluctuation and Man (CCCFM). It was part of the National Museum of Natural Sciences Project on Climate Change in Canada During the Past 20,000 years. 

The committee was funded jointly by the National Museum of Natural Sciences and Environment Canada. It met yearly for several years, bringing together a wide range of specialists to focus on a region, time period, or area of study. Papers were published in Syllogeus, edited by Dr C.R.Harington of the Paleobiology Division. A review of them underlines how much the IPCC sidelined progress in climatology.

My election to Chair of the CCCFM likely caused its demise. In my acceptance speech I urged people not to rush to judgment on the recent anthropogenic global warming (AGW) hypothesis. I was unaware at the time of the involvement of Environment Canada (EC) in the promotion of the hypothesis and the work of the IPCC.


'Green' Energy Promotes Parasitic Power Producers

Author: Viv Forbes, The Carbon Sense Coalition on 16 Aug 2014

Wind and solar are parasitic power producers, unable to survive in a modern electricity grid without the back-up of stand-alone electricity generators such as hydro, coal, gas or nuclear. And like all parasites, they weaken their hosts, causing increased operating and transmission costs and reduced profits for all participants in the grid. eagle nest on turbine
Without subsidies, few large wind/solar plants would be built; and without mandated targets, few would get connected to the grid. 
Green zealots posing as energy engineers should be free to play with their green energy toys at their own expense, on their own properties, but the rest of us should not be saddled with their costs and unreliability. 
We should stop promoting parasitic power producers. As a first step, all green energy subsidies and targets should be abolished. 
Wind energy produces costly, intermittent, unpredictable electricity. But Government subsidies and mandates have encouraged a massive gamble on wind investments in Australia - over $7 billion has already been spent and another $30 billion is proposed. This expenditure is justified by the claim that by using wind energy there will be less carbon dioxide emitted to the atmosphere which will help to prevent dangerous global warming. 
Incredibly, this claim is not supported by any credible cost-benefit analysis - a searching enquiry is well overdue. Here is a summary of things that should be included in the enquiry. 

UK to allow driverless cars on public roads in January

Author: BBC News on 15 Aug 2014

The UK government has announced that driverless cars will be allowed on public roads from January next year. It also invited cities to compete to host one of three trials of the tech, which would start at the same time. 

driverless car

In addition, ministers ordered a review of the UK's road regulations to provide appropriate guidelines.

The Department for Transport had originally pledged to let self-driving cars be trialled on public roads by the end of 2013.

Business Secretary Vince Cable revealed the details of the new plan at a research facility belonging to Mira, an automotive engineering firm based in the Midlands.

"Today's announcement will see driverless cars take to our streets in less than six months, putting us at the forefront of this transformational technology and opening up new opportunities for our economy and society," he said.

UK engineers, including a group at the University of Oxford, have been experimenting with driverless cars. But, concerns about legal and insurance issues have so far restricted the machines to private roads.

Other countries have, however, been swifter to provide access to public routes.


Three Facts Most Man-made Global Warming Sceptics Don’t Seem to Understand

Author: Dr Jennifer Marohasy on 14 Aug 2014

A couple of weeks ago I had the opportunity to attend the Ninth International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC9) in Las Vegas. If you ever doubted scepticism towards man-made global warming as a growing social movement, well, you couldn’t after attending that conference with hundreds of enthusiastic doubters in attendance and some 6,000 watching online. Kuhn

But I came away wondering about the culture that is developing around the movement, and whether it is truly one of enlightenment.

Most of us share enlightenment values. And skepticism is historically associated with the Enlightenment. But it should be skepticism of entrenched dogmas, not an automatic opposition to every new big idea. Indeed the enlightenment saw big ideas progress; ideas that once realized, dramatically improved the human condition.

Many sceptics apparently think that we have won the scientific argument, and that our next objective should be the dismantling of climate policies and climate research. But they are wrong. We have not won the scientific argument and we won’t, if we continue down the current path of suggesting that we can’t forecast weather or climate. This suggestion, that we can’t forecast, was often made at the conference and made again just last week by Jo Nova quoting Don Aitkin.

The history of science suggests that paradigms are never disproven, they are only ever replaced. Physicist and philosopher, the late Thomas S. Kuhn, also explained that competition within segments of the scientific community is the only historical process that ever actually results in the rejection of one previously accepted theory or in the adoption of another.


Blood of world's oldest woman hints at limits of life

Author: Andy Coghlan, New Scientist on 13 Aug 2014

Death is the one certainty in life – a pioneering analysis of blood from one of the world's oldest and healthiest women has given clues to why it happens. oldest woman

Born in 1890, Hendrikje van Andel-Schipper was at one point the oldest woman in the world. She was also remarkable for her health, with crystal-clear cognition until she was close to death, and a blood circulatory system free of disease. When she died in 2005, she bequeathed her body to science, with the full support of her living relatives that any outcomes of scientific analysis – as well as her name – be made public.

Researchers have now examined her blood and other tissues to see how they were affected by age.

What they found suggests, as we could perhaps expect, that our lifespan might ultimately be limited by the capacity for stem cells to keep replenishing tissues day in day out. Once the stem cells reach a state of exhaustion that imposes a limit on their own lifespan, they themselves gradually die out and steadily diminish the body's capacity to keep regenerating vital tissues and cells, such as blood.

Two little cells

In van Andel-Schipper's case, it seemed that in the twilight of her life, about two-thirds of the white blood cells remaining in her body at death originated from just two stem cells, implying that most or all of the blood stem cells she started life with had already burned out and died.

"Is there a limit to the number of stem cell divisions, and does that imply that there's a limit to human life?" asks Henne Holstege of the VU University Medical Center in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, who headed the research team. "Or can you get round that by replenishment with cells saved from earlier in your life?" she says.


The Facts about Raspberry Ketone

Author: Katherine Vankoughnet, on 12 Aug 2014

Claims of rapid and effortless weight loss are swiftly making this little supplement popular. But does it actually work? Learn all the facts about raspberry ketone and if it will work for you. ketone

Celebrity doctors and weight-loss gurus alike are touting the benefits of raspberry ketone, the latest miracle cure in the battle of the bulge. The supplement has become so popular that health food stores are even having trouble keeping up with the demand. But does it really work? Read on for the good, the bad and the ugly on this supposedly magical pill.

What is it?: Raspberry ketone is an aromatic compound found in raspberries that, when ingested in high doses, is said to increase the body's production of adiponectin, a protein used to regulate your metabolism, as well as the body's breaking down of fat stores. In order to ingest the recommended 100-milligram dosage required to affect these changes, however, one would have to consume 90 pounds of raspberries per day. As a result, the compound is produced synthetically in labs and consumed in pill form.

Ocean Acidification Claims are Misleading – and deliberately so

Author: Ross McLeod, PSI Researcher on 12 Aug 2014

Chemistry debunks junk climate science in the 'global warming causes ocean acidification' debate. Established Chemistry proves that if temperatures were rising then, conversely, acidification would be falling, not increasing. Such is the woeful science ignorance (or intentional deceit) of climate alarmists. 


Indisputable facts

  • carbon dioxide (CO2), dissolved in pure water, makes a weak, unstable acid, whilst the ocean water is a very stable buffer with a pH averaging around 8, which means it is alkaline;

  • there isn’t enough CO2 in the atmosphere to make much difference to the ocean’s pH;

  • the concentration of enough CO2 to significantly reduce the ocean’s pH will not come from the atmosphere;

  • the mass of the oceans is a huge 268 times the mass of the atmosphere;

  • CO2 is currently only 0.04% of that atmosphere.

  • Discussion about those facts

    Besides the above chemical and physical facts, it is well known that an increase in water temperature will reduce the solubility of CO2.

    Leave any opened cold carbonated drink – from champagne to Coke - to warm up and see what happens to the fizz, which is CO2 in case you didn’t know. Your warmed champagne/Coke goes 'flat' because the carbon dioxide has escaped the liquid and entered the atmosphere.

    It is therefore not rocket science to state with complete confidence that warm water naturally contains less CO2 than cold water.

    The oceans are outgassing CO2 due to the slight warming trend since the end of the Mini Ice Age (c. 1850's). The exact cause of this trend IS NOT known and remains the subject of much scientific debate! There is evidence that there is a gap of many centuries between planet-wide temperature swings and atmospheric CO2 concentrations.


    The Ideal Gas Law, the Planets and the Fraud of Climate Science

    Author: Ross McLeod, PSI Researcher on 11 Aug 2014

    Once again, NASA, when dealing with real science and real planets, conspicuously omits giving any credibility to the increasingly disputed "greenhouse gas effect."  NASA gheAustralian climate researcher, Ross McLeod, presents NASA's own numbers to show the US space agency does not apply any so-called "greenhouse gas effect" in their planetary temperature charts to boost surface temperature.

    Thankfully, space science isn't run like climate science, where propagandists appear all too eager to promote the lie that Venus provides "proof" of a "runaway greenhouse effect" due to its high atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration. But as the official NASA numbers show below, that is pure bunkum - there is no need at all to invoke such a pseudo-scientific mechanism to reach the observed surface temperature on that planet.
    Without a greenhouse effect there are of course no grounds at all to panic over the carbon dioxide content in earth's atmosphere, as no alarming surface temperature increase can be possible at the hands of this beneficial trace gas.


    Author: Leon Clifford, on 10 Aug 2014

    As the so called pause in global warming continues, space scientists may be giving climate scientists some pause for thought. sunnspot number

    Global surface temperatures have remained statistically flat for over a decade following a rapid rise in the second half of the 20th century despite the fact that the long-term increase in carbon dioxide associated with this rapid global warming has continued throughout the whole of the pause period.

    Two pieces of research published this year suggest that the sun has played a bigger role in these events than is widely accepted by climate scientists and they imply, as a result, that the role of 'greenhouse gases' may be less significant than climate scientists currently believe.

    The research shows that the sun is far more variable than we had previously thought and that variations in solar activity correlate very closely with changes in global surface temperature. This challenges the prevailing orthodoxy in climate science that our star plays no significant role in global warming.


    Who, What, Why: How many people infected with ebola die?

    Author: James Fletcheer, BBC News on 10 Aug 2014

    The ebola virus that has killed almost 1,000 people in West Africa this year is fatal for "up to 90%" of those infected, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). But note the words "up to"... What is the normal fatality rate, asks James Fletcher? 


    The WHO describes ebola as "one of the world's most virulent diseases". It is, according to the organisation's website, "a severe, often fatal illness, with a case fatality rate of up to 90%".

    A case fatality rate - or CFR - is a relatively simple measurement. It's the number of people diagnosed with an illness divided by the number of people who die because of it. But in the current outbreak, the proportion of infected people dying is far lower than 90%.

    "That 90% figure actually comes from one outbreak of ebola which took place in the Congo between 2002 and 2003. It's the highest rate we have ever seen," says Maimuna Majumder, a biostatistician and epidemiologist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.


    Greenhouse Gas Ptolemaic Model

    Author: Joseph A Olson, PE on 10 Aug 2014

    Accused of being “flat Earth deniers of settled science” requires placing the Ptolemaic Model in perspective. Discussed for two centuries by the Greeks, Aristotle in 400 BC gave a solution involving approximately 50 transparent concentric spheres which rotated to provide the movements of planets and stars observed on a fixed, flat Earth.

    The fact that mathematical formulas provided some accuracy on the beginning and end of planet retrograde motions gave some empirical proof of concept. 
    Ptolemaic model 
    The fact that NO empirical evidence points of Carbon climate forcing has not bothered the “settled” scientists, which we will examine.  
    In 1543 Copernicus proposed a circular orbit, heliocentric solar system, but by 1609, Kepler had proven the elliptical orbit model.  Galileo’s discovery of moons around Jupiter in 1610 ended the useful period of ‘Flat Earth Center of the Universe’ Ptolemaic Model.  For two thousand years humans believed a false model, with some mathematical support, but their “beliefs” did not alter reality.  Greenhouse gas belief does not alter reality either, as we will soon prove.
    Accurate analysis of the movements of our solar system was more than an esoteric effort, as this knowledge proved the existence, and behavior of forces far beyond human production or easy measurement.  
    In addition, accurate celestial mapping improved navigation.  One method to study the Sun’s inputs to Earth’s climate, is to study the Moon, which is the same distance from the Sun.  There are a number of important differences including no atmosphere, no oceans, no magnetic field, no volcanoes and longer rotation period, variables which we will examine.  

    NASA tests crazytech flying saucer thruster, could reach Mars in days

    Author: Iain Thomson, The Register on 09 Aug 2014

    NASA has tested an "impossible" electric space drive that uses no propellant – and found it works even when it is designed not to. This has sparked immediate skepticism of the technology. emdrive

    The system is designed to use microwave energy reflected along a specially designed chamber to produce thrust. The idea first appeared as the Emdrive by British inventor Roger Shawyer in 2001, who designed a motor that he showed could produce power in this way. But critics scoffed, saying it would violate the laws of momentum.

    The EmDrive, we're told, generates thrust by using the properties of radiation pressure. An electromagnetic wave has a small amount of momentum which, when it hits a reflector, can translate that into thrust, Shawyer found, and this apparently can be used to power flight in the near-frictionless environment of space.

    The idea languished, but a decade later the Chinese Academy of Sciences published a paper saying that it too had built an EmDrive-like which, when fed 2.5kW, generated 720mN of thrust – a tiny amount, admittedly.

    But this got the attention of NASA scientists, who in 2013 commissioned a series of tests on the drive and got some surprising results.

    In an eight-day trial held by US engineering firm Cannae, researchers found that by using a reflective chamber similar to that proposed by Shawyer, the team was able to use solely electrical input to generate 30 to 50 micro-Newtons of thrust. Again, incredibly tiny, enough to move a grain of sand, but apparently significant.